AR vs. VR: A Comparative Study

By Dhiraj Bezbaruah | Nov. 18, 2020, 7:15 a.m.

About AR

AR stands for Augmented Reality is a little more than reality. For example, suppose you’re playing the game Pokémon go. The game uses a snap camera that gives you pictures around the place you are standing and a Pokémon jumps above it. AR software is mobile-based which has been used to be familiar with surroundings and providing additional information about what it sees for years now, giving a live translation of text and pop-up reviews of restaurants as you look at them. Basically, it overlays basic information over what you're watching through the camera can function perfectly fine with 3DOF. But, most AR applications require 6DOF, tracking your physical position using so the software can maintain consistent positions for the images it projects in 3D space.

How does AR work?

AR uses the following computer vision, mapping of an individual as well as tracking to show the appropriate reality to the user. This functionality uses your cameras to collect, transmit, or send data, and lastly process data to show digital content appropriately to what any user is looking at.

In Augmented Reality, the user's physical location and surroundings are used to enhance the experience with contextually acceptable digital content in real-time. You can experience (AR) Augmented Reality with a smartphone or with special hardware would be great for sure.

Advantages of Augmented Reality

Here, are a list of Augmented Reality advantages

  • It offers an individualized learning experience and more.

  • It helps in fostering the learning process.

  • It has a wide variety of fields of use.

  • It offers innovation and continuous improvement in this field.

  • It helps increase the accuracy of a person with increased engagement.

  • AR is employed to increase user knowledge and information.

  • It allows people to share experiences over long distances.

  • It helps developers to build applications that offer a real experience to the user with increase the app's engagement.


About VR

VR stands for Virtual Reality gives a little more than AR. For example; Using VR devices such as HTC Vive, Oculus Rift, or Google Cardboard, users can be relocated into a place in the world where he/she is continuously sitting in their home. These are imagined environments such as the middle of a mountain top watching birds fly above your head. It transports you to a location of your choice. As you move the visual moves. This gives a feeling of being physically there.


How does VR work?

The primary focus of virtual reality is simulating the vision. The user needs to put a visual reality headset and screen in front of his/her eyes. Thereby, reducing any interaction with the real world. In VR, two lenses are placed between the screens. The user has to adjust eyes and lens based on the user’s movement of the eye and it's positioning. The visuals on the screen can be rendered by using an HDMI cable connected to a PC or mobile phone.

VR needs goggles, speakers, and sometimes handheld wearable’s to simulate a real-world experience. In virtual reality, you can use all visual, auditory, and touch stimulation also called 5D experience, so the constructed reality is immersive and gives a wonderful experience to the user.

Advantages of Virtual Reality

Here is a list of advantages of virtual reality:

  • It has immersive learning.

  • It creates an interactive environment for the user.

  • It increases the work capabilities of the user.

  • It offers convenience for experiencing a world-class experience.

  • It helps you to create a realistic world so that the user can explore the world without expenses and difficulty.

  • It increases the engagement of the user with the product.

  • Virtual reality finds its use in the education field which makes education more easy and comfortable.

  • Virtual reality allows users to have performed some experiments with the artificial environment.

Difference between AR and VR

Augmented reality

Virtual reality

AR enhances the real-world scene VR Completely immersive virtual environment
AR is 25% virtual and 75% real VR is 75% virtual and 25% real
This technology partially immerses the user into the action. This technology fully immerses the user into the action.
No AR headset or devices are needed. VR headset device is needed.
It is used to enhance both the real and virtual world’s experience. It is used to enhance fictional reality for the gaming world.
With this technology, end-users are in touch with the real world while interacting with virtual objects nearer to them. With this technology, VR user is away from the real world and immerses himself or herself in a completely fictional world.


How AR and VR work together?

It is not so that AR and VR are intended to operate separately. They are mostly used together to generate an enhanced engaging and captivating experience for the user. When AR and VR technology is merged to enable all the user to enjoy the fictitious world by giving a new dimension of interaction between real and virtual world. If used together can create an amazing era of use in the physical world of stress and anxiety in a fraction of seconds.


Both these technologies help an individual in their busy life induce a shut from their real-world and guarantees quality time. In the world of settling with stress, anxiety, and depression, both AR and VR technology are giving a break from all this and cutting off with reality or rather enhancing your reality with a virtual experience. Both AR and VR are great inventions for a stepping stones to multiple new and important inventions in these subjects. This technology involves using certain devices including your phone for AR experience and a headset for VR experience. They are the number one choice when bored, relaxing, or even for certain scientific study. They help in promoting happy hormones if not made an addiction.

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